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Canada Goose Jackets “Daddy, what’s canada goose clearance that?” says Nicholas, aged six, pointing at a large red brown insect that has just fallen off a cast iron gatepost. A bearded man in spectacles bends down and, after several seconds of peering intently at the bug, replies, “I don’t know.” Canada Goose Jackets
uk canada goose Hardly an unusual scenario, you might think. Yet it’s not every day that Max Barclay, beetle collection manager at the Natural History Museum in London, UK, fails to recognise a large, brightly coloured insect next to his office. uk canada goose
That was in March 2007, and Canada Goose sale Barclay soon discovered that the mystery bug was cropping up in huge numbers in London and other European cities. However, experts were unsure and divided as canada goose coats on sale to its true identity. It took a couple of years before Barclay solved the puzzle in consultation with colleagues.
It was a plane tree bug (Arocatus longiceps), an insect that feeds on the seeds of plane trees. It has spread rapidly through the cities of central and western Europe in recent years.
With their tarmac and concrete surfaces, and clouds of pollutant filled vehicle emissions, our towns and cities might not seem ideal habitats for wildlife. Yet some species, including the plane tree bug, are actually more common in cities than in apparently more natural settings. What is it about these species Canada Goose Jackets that makes them so fond of city living?
canada goose store View image of A plane tree bug (Arocatus longiceps) in Chiswick, London (Credit: Andy Sands/NPL) canada goose store
cheap canada goose uk In the UK at least, the most famous urban colonizer is the red fox, which now occurs in its highest densities in towns and cities. A survey published in 2014 found that the distribution of urban foxes had changed markedly over 25 years. cheap canada goose uk
canada goose coats on sale Their agility allows them to exploit the 3D urban environment canada goose coats on sale
buy canada goose jacket Following appeals made during a television series, members of the public submitted more than 17,000 reports of sightings of foxes in urban areas to a website set up by Dawn Scott of the University of Brighton and her colleagues. buy canada goose jacket
canada goose uk outlet Of 65 urban areas in which few or no foxes had been reported in a previous study in 1987, 59 had sightings reported in 2012. Their geographical distribution had also changed, with many more reported in northern and eastern regions. canada goose uk outlet
canada goose Scott says foxes are very nimble creatures. “Their agility also allows them to exploit the 3D urban environment, jumping over fences and climbing on roofs to find food, hiding under sheds to rest and canada goose black friday sale make dens.” canada goose
But they are far from the only wild animals Canada Goose Outlet that thrive in cities.
View image of A European Canada Goose Parka badger (Meles meles) using a London food source (Credit: Laurent Geslin/NPL)
Badgers are sometimes just as common in cities as they are in the countryside. They have adapted their behaviours to survive along dense housing, industry and roads: for instance, they live in smaller buy canada goose jacket groups with smaller territories.
Canada Goose Online They’re generalists so they are better able to cope with change Canada Goose Online
Canada Goose Coats On canada goose clearance sale Sale Scott says both foxes and badgers are able to cope with different and changing environments. Canada Goose Coats On Sale
canada cheap Canada Goose goose uk black friday “They are omnivorous and have adapted their foraging behaviours http://www.canadagoosesalesus.com to be able to exploit more buy canada goose jacket cheap anthropogenic food sources,” she says. “They’re generalists so they are better canada goose store able canada goose outlet to cope with change than other animals that are canada goose coats specialised to specific habitats.” canada Canada Goose online goose uk black friday
What underlies this adaptability? There’s probably no single answer, but research on birds suggests it helps to be smart.
canada goose clearance View image of Meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus) (Credit: Visuals Unlimited/NPL) canada goose clearance
Alexei Maklakov of Uppsala University in Sweden and his colleagues examined this question for a study published in 2011.
Canada Goose online They examined records of 82 common bird species that occur in and around 12 cities in France and Sweden. Those with larger brains, relative to their bodies, were more likely to successfully breed in cities. These successful brainiacs canada goose included tits, crows and wrens. Canada Goose online
It’s not just big animals like foxes and birds that thrive in cities
Maklakov says the added burden of running a larger brain might be worth it in environments where learning and adaptation are favoured. These bigger brains act as a “cognitive buffer”, allowing the animal to survive changing conditions by adapting its behaviour.
In line with that, there is evidence that urbanisation is driving increases in brain size. A 2013 study showed that white footed mice and meadow voles from cities had greater cranial capacities than their country cousins.
Canada Goose Outlet Maklakov’s colleague Niclas Kolm is now taking this idea a step further, and breeding animals specifically fish with different brain sizes to see how it affects their behaviour. Canada Goose Outlet
But it’s not just big animals like foxes and birds that thrive in cities. Plenty of canada goose deals insects do too.
View image of A black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus) in Hertfordshire, UK (Credit: Andy Sands/NPL)
One of the most familiar to gardeners is the black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus), which damages many ornamental plants including rhododendrons, ferns and begonias.